Category: Arduino

Arduino Nano v3 internal temperature sensor

Calibration data:

Download data & formulas in excel.
Atmega documentation says:
The voltage sensitivity is approximately 1 mV/°C and the accuracy of the temperature measurement is +/- 10°C.
Measured temperature is a sum of ambient temperature and chip’s TDP. In fact it rises up for few minutes after the chip is powered and may change in base of load.

// Read Atmega328P internal temperature sensor //
long read_temp()
{
  // Read temperature sensor against 1.1V reference
  ADMUX = _BV(REFS1) | _BV(REFS0) | _BV(MUX3);
  // Start AD conversion
  ADCSRA |= _BV(ADEN) | _BV(ADSC);
  // Detect end-of-conversion
  while (bit_is_set(ADCSRA,ADSC));
  // return raw data
  return ADCL | (ADCH << 8);
}

// Convert raw temperature data to °C
double conv_temp(long raw_temp)
{
  // f(x) = (raw - offset) / coeff
  return((raw_temp - 324.31) / 1.22);
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
}
 
void loop()
{
  Serial.println(conv_temp(read_temp()), 1);
  delay(500);
}

Atmega 328P – Datasheet

It is a curious fact that putting chips in the freezer, after a few minutes when the temperature drops below zero, the chip stops working.